What Is a Herniated Disc?
A herniated disc is a condition that can cause extreme pain in your back, but do you know what causes a herniated disc? Let’s take a closer look. Your spine is made up of three major components:
- The vertebrae are the bones aligning the spine, giving you structure and protecting the spinal cord.
- The spinal cord is a long line of nerves that link your brain to the different areas of the body transmitting messages and signals.
- The discs of the spine are small jelly-filled structures serving as cushion for the vertebrae and allowing it to remain flexible.
A herniated disc is when one of the discs rupture and the jelly-like liquid inside leaks out. If you feel you may have a herniated disc, the medical professionals at Hudson Valley Spine and Pain can help. Continue reading to learn more about the herniated disc condition.
Symptoms of a Herniated Disc
Many people actually do not ever notice symptoms of a herniated disc. Because it is a condition more closely associated with highly demanding physical labor or older people, it is often not noticed unless an injury occurs.
Once a disc is ruptured, the leaking of the fluid combined with the misalignment of the spine can result in pressure on certain nerves. Because the spinal cord relays messages from the brain to the body and back to the brain, any pressure on nerves may cause malfunctions in the different areas of the body.
Numbness and Tingling
Pressure on the nerves may cause a reduction in the sensation of the arms and legs. Herniated discs are more often found in the lower back. For this reason, some of the first symptoms include numbness in the buttocks region and then also in one or both legs.
Pain from Herniated Disc
Since your nerves are pain sensors, any stress to the spinal cord may also result in pain in the arms and legs. As the herniated disc exerts pressure on your spinal cord, there is an opportunity for nerve damage. It is common for a person with a herniated disc to suffer from back pain as well as arm and leg pain.
What Causes a Herniated Disc?
Herniated discs are not commonly caused by serious injury, although it is possible. Herniated discs are more often related to:
- Significant weight gain,
- Improper lifting of heavy objects, which includes not lifting with the knees or twisting at the torso with the heavy object in hand, and
- The natural age progression can cause the weakening of the tissue surrounding the jelly-like substance within the disc making the disc more prone to rupture.
Weakness from Herniated Disc
Nerves are also used to stimulate the muscles to move in the way they are needed to. In cases of a herniated disc, there is an interruption in the communication between the brain and the muscles of the body. This can result in a slowed reaction time as well as weakness of the muscles.
Contact Hudson Valley Spine and Pain for Herniated Disc Relief
If you feel you suffer from a herniated disc, the experts at Hudson Valley Spine and Pain offer multiple treatments for herniated discs.
Contact Hudson Valley Spine and Pain today to learn more about the herniated disc treatments we offer.